DETROIT SUBURBAN TRANSIT ROUTES

CONCISE HISTORY

In the early 1970's, SEMTA inherited a bus system which was primarily focused on transporting people in and out of downtown Detroit. Nearly all of the cross suburban bus routes were created by SEMTA, later SMART.

Most expanded service was introduced by SEMTA during the 1970's, when the political climate and energy issues favored the expansion of public transportation. But during the early 1980's, the changing political climate with Reagan as president resulted in major service cutbacks.

SEMTA introduced the three digit route numbers in 1975. Discontinued SEMTA and SMART routes are indicated with parentheses.

After some Detroit United Railway interurban railway lines were discontinued, the Detroit Department of Street Railways (DSR) continued some streetcar service a while longer, a short distance beyond the Detroit city limits.

Prior to the formation of SEMTA, route numbers were used only by Lake Shore Coach Lines (LSCL), and by Intertown Suburban Lines, later Metropolitan Transit (MT). Intertown Suburban Lines introduced route numbers for its routes after 1955. Great Lakes Transit (GLT) did not use route numbers.

In addition there was route 315, formerly route 350, acquired by SEMTA from Short Way Lines in 1976. And Route 510 originally had some runs also operated by Brooks Lines, which had acquired Warren Coach Service around 1960, and additional runs operated by Indian Trails. But by 1983, all runs were operated by SEMTA.

ELECTRIC RAILWAY HISTORY

The most important SMART bus routes evolved from several electric interurban railway companies, most of which were consolidated into the Detroit United Railway in 1901.


Route   Route             First   Buses   DUR     DSR     Last     Former  Notes
Number  Name              Bus     Intro-  Rail    Cars    Private  SEMTA
                          Co.     duced   Disc.   Disc.   Co./No.  Number

(110) West Jefferson      jitney    1918    1928    1931    GLT            now 125
(120) Fort                jitney    1921    1932    none    MT  17         now 135
 125  Fort-Eureka         jitney    1918    1928    1931    GLT       110
(130) Fort-Kennebec       ISL       1950's     new bus      MT  17         disc.
(135) Southshore Express  jitney    1921    1932    none    MT  17    120  disc. 2011
 140  Southshore                    1970's     new bus                185
(145) Carlyle             DCC       1936       new bus      MT  12    185  disc. 2011
(150) Allen-Wick          Renne     1920's     new bus      MT  19         disc. 2011
(160) Goddard             ISL       1950's     new bus      MT  19         disc. 2011
 160  Downriver                    5/20/02     new bus
(165) Northline-Ecorse              1976       new bus                     disc. 1981
(180) Veteran's Hospital            1970's     new bus                     disc.
(190) Taylor Flyer        ISL       1950's     new bus      MT  19    140  disc. 2011
 200  Michigan Avenue     Renne     1922    1929    none    MT   1
(201) Wayne-Westland                1990's     new bus                     disc. 2007
(202) Romulus                       2007       new bus                     disc. 2011
(210) Van Born            DCC       1930's     new bus      MT  10    295  disc.
(215) Van Born            DCC       1930's     new bus      MT  11    295  disc.
(245) Cherry Hill         ISL       1947       new bus      MT   4    240  disc. 2011
 250  Ford Road           ISL       1947       new bus      MT   2
 255  Ford Road Exp.               3/ 5/79     new bus                835
(265) Warren Road         ISL       1955       new bus      MT   3    260  disc. 2011
 275  Telegraph                    4/ 1/96     new bus
 280  Middlebelt South            10/ 1/73     new bus                285
(295) Livonia-Redford             12/11/95     new bus                     disc. 2006
(297) Industrial Drive              1990's     new bus                     disc. 2006
(298) Dearborn Locals     Rayworth  1920's     new bus      MT  20's       disc.
(305) Grand River Ltd.    PMC       1920's  1926    1931    GLT       300  disc. 2011
(315) Grand R.-Livonia    DN&M      1920's     new bus      Short Way 350  disc. 2006
 330  Beech Daly                  11/27/06     new bus
(385) Orchard Lake                10/ 1/73     new bus                285  disc. 2011
 400  Southfield-O.C.C.            7/ 1/91     new bus
 405  Northwestern Hwy.           12/11/95     new bus
(410) Woodw.-Southfield             1970's     new bus                     disc.
(410) Woodward-Northland           6/16/97     new bus                     now 420
 415  Greenfield                    1980       new bus                425
(420) Woodw.-Greenfield             1970's     new bus                     disc.
 420  Southfield                    1970's     new bus                415
(425) Northl.-Oakland M.           9/  /80     new bus                     disc. 1983
 430  Main Street         B&B       1920's     new bus      GLT
(435) Crooks Road         GLG       1940's     new bus      GLT            disc. 1995
(440) Woodward-Maple      GLG       1940's     new bus      GLT            disc.
 445  Woodward Ltd.                4/28/72     new bus
 450  Woodward-Pontiac    various   1922    1931    1947    GLT
(455) Woodw.-Pont. Ltd.             1970's     new bus                     disc.
 460  Woodward-Somerset   GLT       1970       new bus      GLT
 465  Woodward-Auburn H.           4/ 1/96     new bus
(470) Berkley-Southf.     Berkley   1926       new bus      GLT            disc. 1995
(473) Berkley-Lahser      GLT       1960's     new bus      GLT            disc.
 475  Woodward-Troy                 1990's     new bus                     disc.
(478) Berkley-Greenf.     GLG       1940's     new bus      GLT            disc.
(479) Royal Oak-Berkley             1970's     new bus                     disc.
(480) Northl.-Orchard M.            1970's     new bus                     disc.
(481) Northl.-Sutton Pl.            1980       new bus                     disc.
(482) Northl.-Travelers             1980       new bus                     disc.
(483) Woodward-11 Mile    GLT       1960's     new bus      GLT            disc.
(484) Northl.-Farmingt.             1980       new bus                     disc.
(485) Woodward-10 Mile    GLT       1960's     new bus      GLT            disc.
(486) Woodward-13 Mile    GLT       1960's     new bus      GLT            disc.
(487) Northl.-Orchard R.            1980       new bus                     disc.
(488) Northl.-13 Mile               1980       new bus                     disc.
(490) Hilton-Campbell     Martin    1929       new bus      Martin         disc.
 494  Dequindre                    7/ 1/91     new bus
 495  John R              ROBB&R    1920's     new bus      Martin
(499) Hilton-Rochester              1970's     new bus                     disc. 1995
(500) Mound Road                    1970's     new bus                     disc.
 510  Van Dyke            Warren    1944       new bus      Brooks
 515  Van Dyke-Dodge P.            6/10/76     new bus
(525) Groesbeck Shuttle            7/ 1/91     new bus                520  disc. 2011
 530  Schoenherr                  10/ 1/73     new bus                703
(535) Eastland-Macomb M.            1970's     new bus                     disc.
(540) Hall Road                   12/14/98     new bus                     disc. 2002
 550  Garfield                     9/ 8/87     new bus
(559) Auburn H.-Eastland            1990's     new bus                     disc. 2011
 560  Gratiot             Wolv.     1922    1930    1932    GLT
 565  Gratiot Ltd.                  2006       new bus
 580  Harper Avenue       GLG       1950       new bus      GLT
 610  Kercheval-Harper              1970's     new bus
 615  Kercheval-Jeff.     GPB       1923       new bus      LSCL 2
 620  Charlevoix          LSCL      1933       new bus      LSCL 3
(625) Charlevoix-Jeff.              1980       new bus                     disc.
(630) E. Jeff.-Grosse P   GPB       1924    1928    none    LSCL 1         disc.
 635  E. Jefferson Exp.             1980       new bus
(700) Chippewa Valley               1980       new bus                     disc.
 710  9 Mile              GLG       1944       new bus      GLT
(715) 9 Mile-10 Mile                1980       new bus                     disc.
 730  10 Mile                      7/ 1/91     new bus
 740  12 Mile                     10/ 1/73     new bus
 752  North Hill Farms    jitney    1920's  1931    none    PTC       750
 753  Baldwin Rd.         various   1920's     new bus      PTC       750
 756  Perry-Opdyke                 1/ 2/90     new bus                790
 760  13 Mile-14 Mile               1990's     new bus
(775) Wyandotte           Wyand.    1931       new bus                     disc.
 780  15 Mile                     12/11/95     new bus
(800) Ann Arbor P&R                 1970's     new bus                     disc.
(801) Troy P&R                      1970's     new bus                     disc.
(802) Rochester P&R                 1970's     new bus                     disc. 1980
 805  Grand River P&R             10/30/78     new bus                820
(806) Macomb P&R                    1970's     new bus                     disc.
(808) Oak Park P&R                 4/15/74     new bus                     disc.
(809) Michigan Ave. P&R            4/15/74     new bus                     disc. 1983
(810) Livonia P&R                  2/20/78     new bus                     disc. 2006
(815) Western Wayne P&R           11/ 5/79     new bus                     disc. 1983
 830  Downriver P&R               10/30/78     new bus
(840) Ryan-Dequindre P&R           9/ 2/80     new bus                     disc. 1983
(842) Rochester P&R                9/ 2/80     new bus                     disc. 1983
(845) Rochester-Troy P&R          10/22/79     new bus                     disc.
(850) Birmingham P&R               4/26/76     new bus                     disc. 1983
 851  Farmington H. P&R            6/10/76     new bus
(860) Clinton Twp. P&R            10/22/79     new bus                870  disc. 1983
(865) Mt. Clemens P&R              4/ 1/96     new bus                     disc.
(875) Van Dyke P&R                 3/ 5/79     new bus                     disc. 1983
(990) Port Huron                    1923       new bus      Greyhound      disc. 1983

Route   Route             First   Buses   DUR     DSR     Last     Former  Notes
Number  Name              Bus     Intro-  Rail    Cars    Private  SEMTA
                          Co.     duced   Disc.   Disc.   Co./No.  Number

Along Grand River Blvd., the local bus service which originally replaced the interurban railway service in 1926 was operated by Detroit United Railway subsidiary People's Motor Coach Co. But later in 1926, the Detroit Department of Street Railways began operating the buses, until streetcar service was restored in 1928. When the streetcar extension was discontinued in 1931, People's Motor Coach Co. successor Eastern Michigan Motorbuses operated the replacement bus service. At various times since then, bus service to Farmington was provided by the Detroit Department of Street Railways, later Detroit Department of Transportation.


ADDITIONAL EARLY BUS COMPANIES

Some SMART predecessor routes were originally introduced by various smaller bus companies.

B&B - B&B Bus Co.
Berkley - Berkley Motorbus Co.
DCC - Dearborn Coach Co.
DN&M - Detroit Northville & Milford Coach Co.
GLG - Great Lakes Greyhound Lines
GPB - Grosse Pointe Bus Co.
ISL - Intertown Suburban Lines
LSCL - Lake Shore Coach Lines
Martin - Martin Lines
PMC - People's Motor Coach Co.
PTC - Pontiac Transit Corp.
Rayworth - Rayworth's Bus Line
Renne - Renne Motor Transit Co.
ROBB&R - Royal Oak Big Beaver & Rochester Bus Co.
Warren - Warren Coach Service
White - White Star Motorbus Co.
Wolv. - Wolverine Transit Co.
Wyand. - Wyandotte Loop Bus Co.


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